Thursday, May 15, 2014

Fraying Cuticles

You have probably heard that you should not cut you cuticles. Just push them back. Why is that?

When we refer to the cuticle, we are talking about the skin at the base of the nail, but it is really more complicated than that. The skin at the base of the nail is called the eponychium. It is living skin. The cuticle is part of the eponychium. The cuticle is the thin white looking piece of skin that sheds from underneath the eponychium. It is dead tissue that sticks on the nail and moves out on the nail as it grows forming a protective barrier between the nail plate and the living eponychium.

The "cuticles" (really the eponychium) are pushed back during a manicure revealing the thin skin that is stuck to the nail, the real cuticle. The cuticle can be gently scraped and loosened from the nail using a cuticle pusher or an orangewood stick then trimmed. It can also be lightly file off with a gentle nail file.

The eponychium should not be cut. Cutting the results in rough, hard, fraying skin a few days after the cutting. Keep the eponychium looking healthy and moist by pushing it back then applying oil and hand lotion. Using a scrub will also keep them looking good.

So, your eponychium was cut and now you have frayed up skin that pulls and gets sore. It will take a while to get the skin looking smooth and healthy again. Start with no more cutting of the eponychium. You can gently push back but no eponychium cutting. Gently trim, don't pull, the frayed pieces of skin. Apply a thick moisturizer to the base of the nails a few times a day. Cuticle oil (such as Solar Oil), coconut oil and olive are also very healing. Petroleum jelly will work. Manicures will help repair and beautify the skin as it heals. It's going to take some perseverance, but the skin heal and be smooth again.


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